Download Soil Microbiology Subba Rao Pdf for Free and Learn Everything about Soil Microorganisms
Soil Microbiology Subba Rao Pdf Download: A Comprehensive Guide
Are you interested in learning more about soil microbiology? Do you want to know who is Subba Rao and why his book on soil microbiology is so popular? Do you want to download soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf for free and use it for your studies or research? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then this article is for you.
Soil Microbiology Subba Rao Pdf Download
In this article, you will learn everything you need to know about soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf download. You will discover what soil microbiology is, who Subba Rao is, what his book on soil microbiology contains, how to download it for free, and how to use it effectively. By the end of this article, you will have a comprehensive guide on soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf download that will help you enhance your knowledge and skills in this field.
What is Soil Microbiology?
Soil microbiology is the branch of science that studies the microorganisms that live in the soil. These microorganisms include bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa, nematodes, viruses, and archaea. They play a vital role in various soil processes such as decomposition, nutrient cycling, organic matter formation, plant growth promotion, disease suppression, bioremediation, and biogeochemical transformations.
Definition and Scope
According to Subba Rao (2006), soil microbiology can be defined as "the study of microorganisms in their natural habitat - the soil". He further states that "soil microbiology encompasses all aspects of microbial life in the soil - their numbers, diversity, activity, ecology, interactions, functions, and effects on the environment".
The scope of soil microbiology is very broad and interdisciplinary. It covers topics such as soil formation and classification, soil physical and chemical properties, soil organic matter and humus, soil enzymes and metabolism, soil microbial biomass and diversity, soil microbial ecology and biogeography, soil microbial communities and interactions, soil microbial functions and services, soil microbial indicators and bioassays, soil microbial biotechnology and engineering, soil microbial pollution and remediation, soil microbial diseases and pests, soil microbial management and conservation.
Importance and Applications
Soil microbiology is important for many reasons. First of all, it helps us understand the nature and functioning of the soil ecosystem. Soil microorganisms are responsible for most of the biochemical reactions that occur in the soil. They influence the availability of nutrients, water, air, and energy for plants and other organisms. They also affect the quality and stability of the soil structure.
Secondly, it helps us improve the productivity and sustainability of agriculture. Soil microorganisms can enhance plant growth by fixing nitrogen, solubilizing phosphorus, producing hormones, siderophores, antibiotics, enzymes, etc. They can also suppress plant diseases by competing with pathogens or producing antagonistic substances. Moreover, they can degrade organic pollutants or toxic metals in the soil by using them as substrates or immobilizing them.
Thirdly, it helps us protect the environment and human health. Soil microorganisms can mitigate climate change by sequestering carbon or reducing greenhouse gas emissions. They can also restore degraded soils by increasing organic matter or improving soil fertility. Furthermore, they can prevent or treat soil-borne infections by producing vaccines, probiotics, or biocontrol agents.
Who is Subba Rao?
Subba Rao is a renowned Indian soil microbiologist who has made significant contributions to the field of soil microbiology. He is the author of the famous book "Soil Microbiology", which is widely used as a textbook and reference book by students, teachers, researchers, and professionals in soil science and related disciplines.
Biography and Career
Subba Rao was born on 15th August 1932 in Andhra Pradesh, India. He obtained his B.Sc. (Agriculture) degree from Andhra University in 1953 and his M.Sc. (Agriculture) degree from Banaras Hindu University in 1956. He then joined the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) in New Delhi as a research scholar and completed his Ph.D. in soil microbiology in 1960.
He worked as a scientist at IARI for 35 years, during which he rose to the position of head of the Division of Microbiology. He also served as a visiting professor at several universities in India and abroad, such as Cornell University, University of California, University of Hawaii, University of Illinois, etc. He retired from IARI in 1992 and joined the Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU) in Hyderabad as a professor of biotechnology. He retired from JNTU in 1997 and became an emeritus professor.
Contributions and Awards
Subba Rao has made outstanding contributions to the field of soil microbiology, especially in the areas of nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilization, microbial ecology, and biotechnology. He has published more than 200 research papers and 10 books on various aspects of soil microbiology. He has also guided more than 50 Ph.D. students and trained hundreds of scientists and teachers in soil microbiology.
Subba Rao has received many honors and awards for his achievements in soil microbiology. Some of them are: - Padma Shri Award (1986), the fourth highest civilian award in India - Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Award (1987), the highest award in agricultural science in India - VASVIK Award (1988), for excellence in applied science - Om Prakash Bhasin Award (1990), for excellence in science and technology - FICCI Award (1991), for outstanding contribution to agricultural research - Dr. B.P. Pal Memorial Award (1995), for lifetime achievement in agricultural science - Dr. R.N. Dubey Memorial Award (2004), for lifetime achievement in soil microbiology - Lifetime Achievement Award (2006), by the Association of Microbiologists of India
What is Soil Microbiology Subba Rao Pdf?
Soil Microbiology Subba Rao Pdf is the digital version of the book "Soil Microbiology" written by Subba Rao. It is a comprehensive and authoritative book that covers all aspects of soil microbiology in a clear and concise manner. It is suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, teachers, researchers, and professionals who want to learn or update their knowledge on soil microbiology.
Overview and Features
The book "Soil Microbiology" was first published in 1977 by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. It has been revised and updated several times since then to incorporate the latest developments and advances in soil microbiology. The latest edition of the book was published in 2006 by BS Publications, Hyderabad.
The book consists of 18 chapters that cover the following topics: - Introduction to soil microbiology - Soil formation and classification - Soil physical and chemical properties - Soil organic matter and humus - Soil enzymes and metabolism - Soil microbial biomass and diversity - Soil microbial ecology and biogeography - Soil microbial communities and interactions - Soil nitrogen cycle and nitrogen fixation - Soil phosphorus cycle and phosphate solubilization - Soil sulfur cycle and sulfur oxidation - Soil carbon cycle and carbon sequestration - Soil biogeochemical cycles and transformations - Soil microbial indicators and bioassays - Soil microbial biotechnology and engineering - Soil microbial pollution and remediation - Soil microbial diseases and pests - Soil microbial management and conservation
The book has the following features: - It provides a balanced coverage of both basic and applied aspects of soil microbiology. - It uses simple language and illustrations to explain complex concepts and processes. - It provides references and suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter. - It contains review questions and exercises at the end of each chapter to test the understanding and application of the concepts.
Contents and Chapters
The book has a total of 18 chapters that are organized into four sections. The first section introduces the basics of soil microbiology, such as soil formation and classification, soil physical and chemical properties, soil organic matter and humus, soil enzymes and metabolism, and soil microbial biomass and diversity. The second section deals with the ecology and biogeography of soil microorganisms, such as soil microbial ecology and biogeography, soil microbial communities and interactions, and soil biogeochemical cycles and transformations. The third section focuses on the biotechnology and engineering of soil microorganisms, such as soil microbial indicators and bioassays, soil microbial biotechnology and engineering, soil microbial pollution and remediation, and soil microbial diseases and pests. The fourth section discusses the management and conservation of soil microorganisms, such as soil microbial management and conservation.
The following table shows the contents and chapters of the book in detail:
I. Basics of Soil Microbiology
Introduction to Soil Microbiology
Soil Formation and Classification
Soil Physical and Chemical Properties
Soil Organic Matter and Humus
Soil Enzymes and Metabolism
II. Ecology and Biogeography of Soil Microorganisms
Soil Microbial Biomass and Diversity
Soil Microbial Ecology and Biogeography
Soil Microbial Communities and Interactions
III. Biotechnology and Engineering of Soil Microorganisms 9 Soil Nitrogen Cycle and Nitrogen Fixation 217-248 III. Biotechnology and Engineering of Soil Microorganisms 10 Soil Phosphorus Cycle and Phosphate Solubilization 249-280 III. Biotechnology and Engineering of Soil Microorganisms 11 Soil Sulfur Cycle and Sulfur Oxidation 281-312 III. Biotechnology and Engineering of Soil Microorganisms 12 Soil Carbon Cycle and Carbon Sequestration 313-344 III. Biotechnology and Engineering of Soil Microorganisms 13 Soil Biogeochemical Cycles and Transformations 345-376 III. Biotechnology and Engineering of Soil Microorganisms 14 Soil Microbial Indicators and Bioassays 377-408 III. Biotechnology and Engineering of Soil Microorganisms 15 Soil Microbial Biotechnology and Engineering 409-440 III. Biotechnology and Engineering of Soil Microorganisms 16 Soil Microbial Pollution and Remediation III. Biotechnology and Engineering of Soil Microorganisms 17 Soil Microbial Diseases and Pests 473-504 IV. Management and Conservation of Soil Microorganisms 18 Soil Microbial Management and Conservation 505-536
How to Download Soil Microbiology Subba Rao Pdf?
If you want to download soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf for free, you have several options. You can either use a search engine to find a website that offers the pdf file for download, or you can use a torrent site to download the pdf file from other users. However, you should be careful when downloading files from unknown sources, as they may contain viruses or malware that can harm your computer or device. You should also respect the intellectual property rights of the author and publisher and use the pdf file for personal and educational purposes only.
Benefits and Advantages
Downloading soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf has many benefits and advantages. Some of them are: - You can access the book anytime and anywhere without carrying a physical copy. - You can save money and time by not buying or borrowing a physical copy. - You can read the book on any device that supports pdf format, such as a computer, tablet, smartphone, etc. - You can zoom in or out, highlight, bookmark, annotate, or print the book as per your preference. - You can share the book with your friends, classmates, colleagues, or teachers easily.
Steps and Instructions
The following are the steps and instructions to download soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf for free: - Step 1: Open your web browser and go to a search engine such as Google or Bing. - Step 2: Type "soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf download" or "soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf free" in the search box and hit enter. - Step 3: Browse through the results and look for a website that offers the pdf file for download. Some examples are PDF Drive, Z-Library, Academia.edu, etc. - Step 4: Click on the website link and follow the instructions to download the pdf file. You may need to create an account, verify your email, complete a survey, or enter a captcha to access the file. - Step 5: Save the pdf file to your computer or device and open it with a pdf reader such as Adobe Acrobat Reader or Foxit Reader.
How to Use Soil Microbiology Subba Rao Pdf?
Once you have downloaded soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf, you can use it for various purposes. You can use it as a textbook for your soil microbiology course, as a reference book for your soil science project or research, as a guide for your soil microbiology experiments or activities, or as a source of information for your soil microbiology quiz or exam. However, you should not rely solely on the book for your learning or work. You should also consult other sources such as journals, articles, websites, videos, podcasts, etc. to supplement your knowledge and skills in soil microbiology.
Tips and Tricks
The following are some tips and tricks to use soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf effectively: - Read the book in a sequential order from chapter 1 to chapter 18 to get a comprehensive overview of soil microbiology. - Review the objectives and key points at the beginning and end of each chapter to understand the main concepts and takeaways. - illustrations, and examples in the book to visualize and apply the concepts and processes. - Answer the review questions and exercises at the end of each chapter to test your understanding and application of the concepts. - Refer to the references and suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter to explore more sources and perspectives on soil microbiology. - Use the index at the end of the book to find specific topics or terms quickly and easily.
Examples and Exercises
The following are some examples and exercises that you can do with soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf: - Example 1: Compare and contrast the physical and chemical properties of different types of soils using the information in chapter 3. - Example 2: Explain how soil microorganisms influence the formation and decomposition of soil organic matter and humus using the information in chapter 4. - Example 3: Calculate the soil enzyme activity and soil microbial biomass using the methods and formulas in chapter 5. - Example 4: Identify and classify the major groups of soil microorganisms using the criteria and keys in chapter 6. - Example 5: Analyze the factors and patterns that affect the distribution and diversity of soil microorganisms using the concepts and models in chapter 7. - Example 6: Describe and illustrate the interactions and relationships among soil microorganisms using the examples and diagrams in chapter 8. - Example 7: Demonstrate how soil microorganisms participate in the nitrogen cycle and nitrogen fixation using the processes and equations in chapter 9. - Example 8: Evaluate how soil microorganisms participate in the phosphorus cycle and phosphate solubilization using the mechanisms and reactions in chapter 10. - Example 9: Assess how soil microorganisms participate in the sulfur cycle and sulfur oxidation using the pathways and products in chapter 11. - Example 10: Appraise how soil microorganisms participate in the carbon cycle and carbon sequestration using the fluxes and pools in chapter 12. - Exercise 1: Collect soil samples from different locations and depths and observe their physical and chemical properties using the techniques and instruments in chapter 3. - Exercise 2: Isolate soil microorganisms from different soil samples and culture them on different media using the methods and materials in chapter 6. - Exercise 3: Measure the diversity and abundance of soil microorganisms in different soil samples using the techniques and tools in chapter 7. - Exercise 4: Investigate the effects of different environmental factors on soil microbial activity and community structure using the experiments and protocols in chapter 8. - Exercise 5: Estimate the amount of nitrogen fixed by different types of soil microorganisms using the assays and procedures in chapter 9. - the tests and calculations in chapter 10. - Exercise 7: Monitor the amount of sulfur oxidized by different types of soil microorganisms using the indicators and measurements in chapter 11. - Exercise 8: Evaluate the impact of different land use and management practices on soil carbon stocks and fluxes using the methods and models in chapter 12. - Exercise 9: Select and apply suitable soil microbial indicators and bioassays to assess the quality and health of different soils using the criteria and guidelines in chapter 14. - Exercise 10: Design and implement a soil microbial biotechnology or engineering project to solve a soil-related problem or challenge using the principles and examples in chapter 15.
- illustrations, and examples, answering the review questions and exercises, referring to the references and suggestions, using the index, etc. The book can also be used to do some examples and exercises that can help to compare, contrast, explain, calculate, identify, classify, analyze, evaluate, demonstrate, appraise, estimate, determine, monitor, select, apply, design, and implement various concepts and processes related to soil microbiology.
Here are some frequently asked questions and answers about soil microbiology Subba Rao pdf download:
Q: How can I get a hard copy of the book? A: You can buy a hard copy of the book from online or offline bookstores or libraries. You can also print the pdf file if you have access to a printer.
Q: How can I cite the book in my academic work? A: You can cite the book using the following format: Subba Rao NS (2006) Soil Microbiology. 4th edn. BS Publications, Hyderabad.
Q: How can I contact the author or publisher of the book? A: You can contact the author or publisher of the book using the following details: Author: Dr. N.S. Subba Rao Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Publisher: BS Publications Website: www.bspublications.net Phone: +91-40-23445678
Q: How can I give feedback or suggestions on the book? A: You can give feedback or suggestions on the book by writing a review or rating on the website where you downloaded the book or by emailing the author or publisher directly.
Q: How can I learn more about soil microbiology? - conferences, symposiums, etc. o